Identification

Description


Formule moléculaire brute : C2H6O2

Principaux synonymes

Noms français :

  • 1,2-DIHYDROXYETHANE
  • 2-HYDROXYETHANOL
  • ETHANE-1,2-DIOL
  • ETHANEDIOL-1,2
  • ETHYLENE ALCOHOL
  • Glycol d'éthylène
  • Monoéthylène glycol
  • Éthylène glycol

Noms anglais :

  • 1,2-Ethanediol
  • Ethylene glycol
Utilisation et sources d'émission 1 2 3 4 5 6

L'éthylène glycol est surtout utilisé  :

  • comme composé antigel ou liquide de transfert de chaleur que ce soit pour les radiateurs d'automobiles, les systèmes de refroidissement industriels ou le dégivrage des avions
  • comme matière première pour la synthèse de fibre de polyester, de films et de résines.

 Il sert aussi :

  • de solvant dans les peintures au latex, les encres et les adhésifs
  • d'agent de déshydratation dans le traitement du gaz naturel
  • dans les formulations de produits pharmaceutiques, comme substitut de la glycérine
  • dans les préparations de fluides pour transmissions hydrauliques
  • dans les condensateurs électrolytiques, comme solvant de suspension pour le perborate d'ammonium
  • pour la fabrication d'explosifs.

Références

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  • ▲2.  France. Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, Fiche toxicologique no 25 : Éthylène glycol. Cahiers de notes documentaires. Paris : INRS. (2016). [RE-005509]   http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html
    http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_25
  • ▲2.  France. Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, Fiche toxicologique no 25 : Éthylène glycol. Cahiers de notes documentaires. Paris : INRS. (2016). [RE-005509]   http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html
    http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_25
  • ▲2.  France. Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, Fiche toxicologique no 25 : Éthylène glycol. Cahiers de notes documentaires. Paris : INRS. (2016). [RE-005509]   http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html
    http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_25
  • ▲2.  France. Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, Fiche toxicologique no 25 : Éthylène glycol. Cahiers de notes documentaires. Paris : INRS. (2016). [RE-005509]   http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html
    http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_25
  • ▲2.  France. Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, Fiche toxicologique no 25 : Éthylène glycol. Cahiers de notes documentaires. Paris : INRS. (2016). [RE-005509]   http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox.html
    http://www.inrs.fr/publications/bdd/fichetox/fiche.html?refINRS=FICHETOX_25
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  • Health advisories for 25 organics. (1987). Microfiche : PB87-235578

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